The hammerstone was excavated at Thirst House Cave, Deepdale, in Derbyshire, England. Its body is made of hard stalagmite, about 15 centimetres long and 8 centimetres wide, quite probably dug out of the stalagmite bedrock that makes up the floor of the cave. It is thought to have originated around 2,200 – 3,000 ago towards the end of the Stone Age.
3,000 years ago tools had to be designed to be adaptable and practical. By cutting a groove around the centre of the stone, a cord, or thong, could be wound around and attached; meaning the stone could be swung, possibly in the style of South American Bolas, to down moving animals while hunting, or used as a weight when fishing, or as a close quarter sling-shot in combat and hunting situations. A hole gouged in one end enabled a long wooden shaft to be jammed into the…
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